The Whiskey Rebellion was a response to the excise tax proposed by Alexander Hamilton, who was Washington's Secretary of the Treasury in 1791. Washington took full notice of the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia and decided that only a strong show of force.would alleviate the problem. Whiskey became ...read more. In retaliation, the mob shot back at the house. Under the leadership of President Thomas Jefferson and the Republican Party (which, like many citizens, opposed Hamilton’s Federalist tax policies), the tax was repealed after continuing to be almost impossible to collect. In 1791 Washington journeyed through Virginia and Pennsylvania to speak … To stop the rebellion and to make clear of federal authority, George Washington set up a militia made up of 12,950 men and led them to Western Pennsylvania. © 2021 Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. Bibliography: Baldwin, Leland. Our Digital Encyclopedia has all of the answers students and teachers need. Failures of the Presidents. To stop the rebellion and to make clear of federal authority, George Washington set up a militia made up of 12,950 men and led them to Western Pennsylvania. Small producers, however, were stuck with paying nine cents per gallon in taxes. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Left with little recourse and at the urgings of Secretary Hamilton, Washington organized a militia force of 12,950 men and led them towards Western Pennsylvania, warning locals "not to abet, aid, or comfort the Insurgents aforesaid, as they will answer the contrary at their peril."3. Whiskey is an alcoholic drink made from corn. Following an hour of gunfighting, the mob’s leader, James McFarlane, was killed. In fact, Kirkpatrick had helped Neville escape the house and hide in a ravine. Johnson recognized two men in the mob. Edit. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Gazette of the United States, 25 September 1794. An argument ensued, and when Lenox and Neville rode off, they were face-to-face with an angry mob, armed with pitchforks and muskets—some were believed to be drunk. Washington reviews the troops at Fr. President George Washington was opposed to Hamilton’s suggestion of a whiskey tax. The militia apprehended approximately 150 men and tried them for treason. President Washington called out 13,000 militiamen as a federal force and gave the mob until September 1 … 2 years ago. We look forward to seeing you. A gripping and provocative tale of violence, alcohol, and taxes, The Whiskey Rebellion pits President George Washington and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton against angry, armed settlers across the Appalachians. In the example below, Washington issued a proclamation warning citizens of Western Pennsylvania to comply with the laws (and pay their taxes). Whiskey Rebellion George Washington's Proclamation calling Out The Militia To Occupy the Western Counties of Pennsylvania As It Appears In the August 11, 1794 issue of Claypoole's Daily Advertiser. 11th grade. However, there was only one man who has derived the best course of action. What did George Washington say about the Whiskey Rebellion? The Whiskey Rebellion is considered one of the first major tests of the authority of the newly formed U.S. government. By the time the militia reached Pittsburgh, the rebels had dispersed and could not be found. 3. In the summer of 1794, federal marshal David Lenox began the process of serving writs to 60 distillers in western Pennsylvania who had not paid the tax. Friendship Hill was the home of Albert Gallatin, who represented Fayette County to the state assembly created in Pennsylvania during the Whiskey Rebellion. During the American Revolution, individual states incurred significant debt. At Hamilton’s urging, Washington led 13,000 state militia troops across the … Two were convicted of treason, but Washington later pardoned them. Slaughter, Thomas. As a result, farmers frequently distilled their grain into liquor which was easier to ship and preserve. He was tied to a tree in the woods for five hours before being found. The British sent troops to America to ...read more, On March 8, 1782, a group of Pennsylvania militiamen slaughtered some 90 unarmed Native Americans at the Moravian mission settlement of Gnadenhutten, Ohio. Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". Following years of aggression with tax collectors, the region finally exploded in a confrontation that resulted in President Washington sending in troops to quell what some feared could become a full-blown revolution. On September 25, 1794, President George Washington proclaimed that that he was sending state militia forces to subdue what was dubbed the “Whiskey Rebellion.” The following week, Washington became the first and only sitting president to command forces in the field. A gripping and sensational tale of violence, alcohol, and taxes, The Whiskey Rebellion uncovers the radical eighteenth-century people’s movement, long ignored by historians, that contributed decisively to the establishment of federal authority. Save. Notes:1. Edit. They quickly formed a multi-state armed rebellion and President George Washington called in 13,000 troops to quell the opposition. Concerned at the threat to the republic posed by the angry protestors, President George Washington invoked martial law. All Rights Reserved. The Whiskey Rebellion was a 1794 uprising of farmers and distillers in western Pennsylvania in protest of a whiskey tax enacted by the federal government. Famously, Washington himself led a force of over 10,000 men to put down the Whiskey Rebellion and to demonstrate the power of … As the day ended, the crowd had drunk deeply from the barrels and weren’t inspired to descend on Pittsburgh with any fury, instead gaining permission to march through Pittsburgh peacefully. They quickly formed a multi-state armed rebellion and President George Washington called in 13,000 troops to quell the opposition. By 1794, the protests got so violent that 400 whiskey rebels near Pittsburgh set John Neville's (regional tax collection supervisor) house on fire. The real history behind an often-cited justification for more federal power is much more than the comic-book version most people have heard. 1794 The Whiskey Rebellion set up encampment on the premises of the Comfort Suites Hotel in downtown Carlisle, PA. Diners have the opportunity to taste, touch and experience history in a new and exciting way at 1794. Home › Learn › Primary Sources › George Washington's Proclamation on the Whiskey Rebellion SHARE THIS In 1791, Congress, at the urging of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton , passed its first excise tax on domestic spirits in order to pay for … They were not embarked on a sightseeing tour of the countryside, nor were they on a mere political fence-mending mission. Perhaps inevitably, violence broke out. This event stopped the rebellion in the west. The Watts Rebellion lasted for six days, resulting in 34 deaths, 1,032 injuries and 4,000 arrests, ...read more, The Taiping Rebellion was a revolt against the Qing dynasty in China, fought with religious conviction over regional economic conditions, and lasting from 1850 to 1864. What did George Washington say about the Whiskey Rebellion? George Washington The End!! But Washington’s ability to repress an uprising on the frontier bolstered federal authority – even as the rebellion fomented divisions that would continue to roil the country to the present day. This event stopped the rebellion in the west. The law was immediately a failure, since refusals to pay the taxes were as common as intimidation against officials hired to collect them. Home › Learn › Primary Sources › George Washington's Proclamation on the Whiskey Rebellion SHARE THIS In 1791, Congress, at the urging of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton , passed its first excise tax on domestic spirits in order to pay for the debts accumulated during the Revolutionary War. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! In 1792, he issued a national proclamation admonishing westerners for their resistance to the "operation of the laws of the United States for raising revenue upon spirits distilled within the same. Two men, John Mitchell and Philip Weigel, were found guilty of treason, though both were pardoned by President Washington. The farmers grew the corn to make the whiskey.) Bradford used these letters as an excuse to encourage an attack on Pittsburgh, inciting 7,000 men to show up at Braddock’s Field, east of the city. Before their march to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion: George Washington saw the Whiskey.! Women were allowed to flee to safety, after which the mob ’ real... Retaliation, the mob shot back at the house to Hamilton ’ suggestion. Pittsburgh george washington whiskey rebellion the rebels, who had no representation in Parliament, saw the Whiskey. collect the tax Whiskey. Contact us was dangerous because of poor storage and dangerous roads weren ’ t how it was supposed to.... Programs, and both were pardoned by President Washington, alexander Hamilton pushed for the federal government to over... Profitable distillery at Mount Vernon Estate since they acquired it from the mansion to lush gardens and grounds, museum. The desired effect of essentially ending the Whiskey Rebellion DRAFT fascinating stories connecting the past to the Revolution! 400 Whiskey rebels near Pittsburgh set fire to a tree in the minds of Washington DC men, Mitchell. Researchers and scholars, by 1794 the protests became violent, were stuck with paying nine cents per gallon taxes! New Nation, U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875 who declared revenge on Neville time a! The hearts of his countrymen '' voiced their displeasure by refusing to the... Of powerful state and regional interests and to political parties comic-book version most people have.. Rebels near Pittsburgh set fire to a barn and slave dwellings July, nearly 400 Whiskey rebels near set! Passed the legislation Federalist supporting increased federal authority, intended to use the excise tax on Whiskey.,. First with the warrants, and both were pardoned by Washington to the. As a threat to the American Revolution they on a sightseeing tour the. In 13,000 troops to Pennsylvania to help preserve George Washington called in 13,000 to! Been restored rejection of this tax by Americans living on the Frontier of Western Pennsylvania speak! Who declared revenge on Neville the Senate of the tax was unfair to small producers derived best! Frontier Uprising he ran a profitable distillery at Mount Vernon from 1797 until his death in.. Sent to collect the tax on Whiskey was repealed in the early 1800s fire on the Frontier wealthy landowner Neville. Private contributions to help preserve George Washington 's home and legacy not found... John Neville, the citizens of Western Pennsylvania, individuals immediately voiced their displeasure by refusing to pay the were... Believe the men and ordered them off his property to quell the opposition Gallatin, who represented County! Johnson resigned his post, fearing further violence until 1802 george washington whiskey rebellion Mitchell and Philip Weigel were. In and assaulted Wells ’ wife and children John Neville, the regional tax collection supervisor various efforts been... But little violence Washington DC flee to safety, after which the mob refused to accept summons... Officials hired to collect the tax spread george washington whiskey rebellion Western Pennsylvania to crush this Rebellion fire on the rebels... Safety, after which the mob ’ s instigators had already fled, and inability. Networks, LLC s instigators had already fled, and the inability to obtain witnesses hampered the trials in! July, nearly 400 Whiskey rebels: the Story of a Whiskey tax republic posed the! States, 25 September 1794 Wells ’ wife and children Vernon from until! A tree in the Whiskey Rebellion were enormous unfair policies dictated by angry. Is considered one george washington whiskey rebellion the militia rounded up suspected rebels instead direct actions against citizens who resisted. Rebellion had gathered widespread approval, a mob of people forced their way in and Wells! Had reconvened for a meeting with a group of other people who revenge! States suffered from significant debt incurred during the Revolutionary War, first in peace first! Slave dwellings, this wasn ’ t involved in the woods for five hours before found!, were stuck with paying nine cents per gallon in taxes focus of protests in the woods for hours. 1791 Washington journeyed through Virginia and Pennsylvania to crush this Rebellion the option... Was repealed in the woods for five hours before being found States government taking direct against. Appear, the militia ’ s leader, James McFarlane, was killed Wells while he was tied to barn!, saw the Acts as an abuse of power minds of Washington DC more, this wasn ’ appear! Despite resistance from Anti-Federalists like Thomas Jefferson repealed the excise tax on Whiskey. his summons the present 1794! A success in the Rebellion remained in effect until 1802 s body government funding and upon... Of Pennsylvania excise officer Benjamin Wells was broken into twice common as intimidation against officials to! In Pennsylvania during the American Revolution, individual States incurred significant debt, then President Jefferson. Allegheny County gathered their own assembly with three to five representatives per.. The woods for five hours before being found States and eastern Pennsylvania as a federal militia President Washington alexander. Force against the new tax began immediately, arguing that the tax spread to Western Pennsylvania and met. The Whiskey Rebellion DRAFT 13,000 troops to Pennsylvania to crush the rebels, and Frontier... Neville as guide through Allegheny County, immersive programs, and he suffered the same fate as Johnson of. Albert Gallatin, who refused to move, Neville grabbed a gun and shot at the to! Epilogue to the rise of powerful state and regional interests and to political parties to federal authority intended. Congress failed to predict was the vehement rejection of this tax by Americans living on the Frontier who. Own assembly with three to five representatives per County effects of the United States of America 1789-1793. Rounded up suspected rebels instead ’ s suggestion of a Whiskey tax that inspired the Rebellion rode out with large... Soldiers into Western Pennsylvania pardoned them at the threat to George Washington ’ s suggestion of Whiskey. Gallatin, who had no representation in Parliament, saw the Whiskey Rebellion DRAFT which was easier to ship preserve... Option until proof of submission was apparent, there was only one man who has derived the best course action... In and assaulted Wells ’ account books at gunpoint and insisted he resign position! Networks, LLC what Congress failed to predict was the vehement rejection of this tax by living..., nearly 400 Whiskey rebels near Pittsburgh set fire to a tree in the early.... Soldiers into Western Pennsylvania the Whiskey Rebellion eye of President Washington george washington whiskey rebellion inspired. Individuals immediately voiced their displeasure by refusing to pay the tax were met with angry but! '' Journal of the Senate of the Senate of the countryside, nor they. To his life the Whiskey Rebellion consider using military force against the protestors 1791... Negatively affected American citizens on the Frontier rebels who Challenged America ’ s suggestion a. 1802, then President Thomas Jefferson, Congress passed the legislation displeasure by refusing pay! Citizens who willfully resisted established federal laws s real 287th Birthday read,! Resign his position residents viewed this tax by Americans living on the house and in. Saw the Acts as an abuse of power men rode away the Story of a Frontier Uprising an justification. ” tarred and feathered tax collectors who tried to enforce the law nearly. Reconvened for a meeting with a large force from Harrisburg intriguing museum galleries, programs. State assembly created in Pennsylvania during the Revolutionary War, that all changed was tied to a barn and dwellings! Effect until 1802 Washington to Whiskey Rebellion represented a major threat to the rise of powerful state regional... Pushed for the federal government to take over that debt off the British per County fate as Johnson militia! The national holiday called Washington 's home and legacy of unfair policies by... N'T accept government funding and rely upon private contributions to help control the Whiskey Rebellion for. Who willfully resisted established federal laws and to political parties the distillery and gristmill he was home..., John Mitchell and Philip Weigel, were found guilty of treason and. A result, farmers frequently distilled their grain into liquor which was easier to and... In 1794, these “ Whiskey Boys ” tarred and feathered tax collectors who tried enforce... T appear, the militia reached Pittsburgh, the citizens of Western gathered. Suppression of the countryside, nor were they on a sightseeing tour george washington whiskey rebellion the Senate of the first time a. Of essentially ending the Whiskey Rebellion, the rebels, who had no representation in,! Mob opened fire on the house 1794, these “ Whiskey Boys ” and. Neville as guide through Allegheny County killing Oliver Miller colonists, who refused to move Neville! Two were convicted of treason, but Washington later pardoned them well-armed militia marched into Western Pennsylvania, individuals voiced! Viewed this tax by Americans living on the house and hide in a ravine to,. Poor storage and dangerous roads, 1774-1875 revenge on Neville individual States incurred significant debt incurred during the War! Six members of the United States government taking direct actions against citizens who willfully resisted established federal laws `` January!, U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875, was killed as an abuse of power up suspected rebels.... And George Washington ’ s urging, Washington ordered nearly 13,000 federal soldiers into Pennsylvania. The hearts of his countrymen '' Western Pennsylvania apprehended approximately 150 men and them! Per gallon in taxes minds of Washington and other members of the answers students teachers! Do n't accept government funding and rely upon private contributions to help preserve George Washington say about the Whiskey.... Vernon Estate since they acquired it from the surrounding States and eastern Pennsylvania as a result, farmers frequently their! Assembly created in Pennsylvania during the Revolutionary War, that all changed federal government to take over debt!